# Title: Stochastic Conditional Gradient Methods: From Convex Minimization to Submodular Maximization

# Authors: Aryan Mokhtari, Hamed Hassani, Amin Karbasi

# Abstract

This paper considers stochastic optimization problems for a large class of objective functions, including convex and continuous submodular. Stochastic proximal gradient methods have been widely used to solve such problems; however, their applicability remains limited when the problem dimension is large and the projection onto a convex set is costly. Instead, stochastic conditional gradient methods are proposed as an alternative solution relying on (i) Approximating gradients via a simple averaging technique requiring a single stochastic gradient evaluation per iteration; (ii) Solving a linear program to compute the descent/ascent direction. The averaging technique reduces the noise of gradient approximations as time progresses, and replacing projection step in proximal methods by a linear program lowers the computational complexity of each iteration. We show that under convexity and smoothness assumptions, our proposed method converges to the optimal objective function value at a sublinear rate of $O(1/t^{1/3})$. Further, for a monotone and continuous DR-submodular function and subject to a general convex body constraint, we prove that our proposed method achieves a $((1-1/e)OPT-\eps)$ guarantee with $O(1/\eps^3)$ stochastic gradient computations. This guarantee matches the known hardness results and closes the gap between deterministic and stochastic continuous submodular maximization. Additionally, we obtain $((1/e)OPT -\eps)$ guarantee after using $O(1/\eps^3)$ stochastic gradients for the case that the objective function is continuous DR-submodular but non-monotone and the constraint set is down-closed. By using stochastic continuous optimization as an interface, we provide the first (1−1/e) tight approximation guarantee for maximizing a monotone but stochastic submodular set function subject to a matroid constraint and (1/e) approximation guarantee for the non-monotone case.